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Wood Nuthatch

Ecosystems: FOREST

Seasons: January | February | March | April | May | June | July | August | September | October | November | December |

Photographer: Fernando CarmenaWood Nuthatch environmment


SCIENTIFIC NAME: Sitta europaea.

FAMILY: Sittidae.

DESCRIPTION: Easy to recognise because of its small, compact shape with no neck, a large head and black eye stripe, short tail and long, pointed beak. It has a bluish-grey back, with white and reddish underparts.

STATUS IN ARAGON: R Nr(Resident, breeds regularly).

BREEDING PROBABILITY: Breeding highly likely.





DIET AND FEEDING: Prefiere los rThe Nuthatch prefers old, wet oak woods, although it is also found in mixed forests with pine. It feeds on insects which it catches in tree trunks, supplementing this diet in winter by also eating seeds.

HABITS: It spends its time running up and down the trunks and the thickest branches of the trees in search of food, frequently hanging upside down. It can often be seen alone, always alert and on the go. It builds its nests in tree hollows, adding mud to make the entrance narrower.  The nuthatch is easy to locate by the sound of its shrill, nasal call. It nests in most parts of central and southern Europe. In the Pyrenees it can be seen at altitudes of up to 1500 metres, particularly in the inner mountain ranges and on the valley floor. It is a sedentary bird that defends its terrirory all year round. Juveniles are the only ones that move away, since they still have no established territory of their own.

THREAT OF EXTINCTION + CRITERION: CNEA (National Catalogue of Endangered Species): Not classified: CREA: Not included.

ROUTES: 2 (Gamueta - Linza), 3 (Zuriza - Achar de Alano) and 4 (Selva de Oza).

SPATIAL DISTRIBUTION: Submediterranean woodland, montane dry woodland and montane wet forests.